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Vikings: Raiders, Traders and Settlers

Further Reading

General Texts

Brink, S. & Price, N. (eds) “The Viking World”, Routledge, 2008
Davies, W. (ed) “From the Vikings to the Normans”, OUP, 2003
Eriksen, M. H. (ed) “Viking Worlds: Things, Spaces and Movement”, Oxbow Books, 2015
Hall, R. “Exploring the World of the Vikings”, Thames and Hudson, 2007
Haywood, J. “Encyclopaedia of the Viking Age”, Thames and Hudson, 2000
Hillerdal, C. & Ilves, K., (eds) “Re-imagining Periphery: Archaeology and Text in Northern Europe from Iron Age to Viking and Early Medieval Periods”, Oxbow Books, 2020
Jesch, J. “Viking Diaspora”, Routledge, 2015
Price, N. “Children of Ash and Elm: A History of the Vikings”, Basic Books, New York , 2020
Richards, J. “Blood of the Vikings”, Hodder and Stoughton, 2001
Sawyer, P. “The Oxford Illustrated History of the Vikings”, Oxford University Press, 1997
Sindbæk, M. & Trakadas, A. “The World in the Viking Age”, The Viking Ship Museum, Roskilde, 2014
Somerville, A. A. & McDonald, R. A. (eds) “The Viking Age: A Reader”, University of Toronto Press, 2014

Scandinavia in the pre-Viking period

Hedeager, L. “Iron Age Myth and Materiality: An Archaeology of Scandinavia AD 400-1000”, Routledge, 2011
Jesch, J. “The Scandinavians from the Vendel Period to the Tenth Century”, Boydell and Brewer, 2012
Lamm, J. P. & Nordström, H. Å. “Vendel Period Studies” Transactions of the Boat-grave symposium in Stockholm, February 2-3, 1981, Statens Historika Museum, Stockholm, 1983
Lodoen,T. & Mandt, G. “The Rock Art of Norway”, Windgather Press, 2010
Shippey, T. “Beowulf and the North Before the Vikings”, Arc Humanities Press, 2022
Wilson, D. M. “The Vikings and their Origins”, Thames and Hudson, 1980

Viking society and the beginnings of expansion

Åhfeldt, L. A. et al, (eds) “Relations and Runes – The Baltic Islands and Their Interactions During the Late Iron Age and Early Middle Ages”, Swedish National Heritage Board (Riksantikvarieämbetet), 2020
Bately, J. & Englert, A. “Ohthere’s Voyages”, Maritime Culture of the North vol. 1, The Viking Ship Museum, Roskilde, Denmark, 2007
Crumlin-Pedersen, O. & Olsen, O. “The Skuldelev Ships I”, Ships and Boats of the North vol. 4.1, The Viking Ship Museum, Roskilde, Denmark, 2002
Englert, A. & Trakadas, A. “Wulfstan’s Voyage”, Maritime Culture of the North vol. 2, The Viking Ship Museum, Roskilde, Denmark, 2009
Findell, F. “Runes”, British Museum Press, 2014
Glørstad, Z. T. & Loftsgarden, K. “Viking-Age Transformations: Trade, Craft and Resources in Western Scandinavia”, Routledge, 2017
Jesch, J. “The Viking Diaspora”, Routledge 2015
Lõgas, L. & Luik, H. (eds) “The Salme Ship Burials”, Tallinn University, 2023
Randsborg, K. “The Viking Age in Denmark”, Duckworth, 1980
Sanmark, A. “Viking Law and Order: Places and Rituals of Assembly in the Medieval North” Edinburgh University Press, 2019
Sindbæk, S. M. (ed) “Northern Emporium: Vol. 1 The Making of Viking-age Ribe”, Aarhus University Press, 2022
Williams, G. “The Viking Ship”, British Museum Press, 2014

The Vikings in Europe – the early raids

Carver, M. “Portmahomack: Monastery of the Picts”, Edinburgh University Press, 2008
Larsen, A. C. “The Vikings in Ireland”, The Viking Ship Museum, Roskilde, Denmark, 2001
Wallace, P. E. “Viking Dublin: The Wood Quay Excavations”, Irish Viking Dublin: The Wood Quay Excavations, 2016
Williams, G. “Weapons of the Viking Warriors”, Osprey Publishing, 2019

The Vikings in Europe – conquest and settlement

Christys, A. “Vikings in the South: Voyages to Iberia and the Mediterranean”, Bloomsbury, 2015
Graham-Campbell, J., Hall, R., Jesch, J. & Parsons, D. N. (eds) “Vikings and the Danelaw”, Select Papers from the Proceedings of th Thirteenth Viking Congress, Nottingham and York,
21-30 August 1977″ Oxbow Books, 2001
Griffiths, D. “Vikings of the Irish Sea”, The History Press, 2010
Hadley, D. M. & ten Harkel, L. (eds) “Viking Age Towns: Social Approaches to Towns in England and Ireland, c. 800-1100”, Oxbow Books, 2013
Hadley, D. M. & Richards, J. D. “The Viking Great Army and the Making of England”, Thames and Hudson, 2021
Hall, R. “Viking Age York”, B: T: Batsford Ltd, 1994
Harding, S. E., Griffiths, D, & Royles, E. (eds) “In Search of the Vikings: Interdisciplinary Approaches to the Scandinavian Heritage of North-West England”, CRC Press, 2015
Hines, J., Lane, A. & Redknap, M. (eds) “Land, Sea and Home: Settlement in the Viking Period”, Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph 20, Maney, 2004
Lavelle, R. & Roffey, S. “Danes in Wessex: the Scandinavian Impact on Southern England, c.800-1100”, Oxbow Books, 2016
Richards, J. D. “Viking Age England”, The History Press, 2012
Williams, G. (ed) “A Riverine Site Near York: A Possible Viking Camp?”, British Museum Research Publication 224, 2020
Wilson, D. M. “The Vikings in the Isle of Man”, Aarhus University Press, 2008

Settlement of the Faeroes, Orkney, Shetland and Iceland

Byock, J. “Viking Age Iceland”, Penguin Books, 2001
Crawford, B. E. “Scandinavian Scotland”, Leicester University Press, 1987
Fitzhugh, W. W. & Ward, E. I. “Vikings: the North Atlantic Saga”, Smithsonian Books, 2000
Graham-Campbell, J. & Batey, C. E. “Vikings in Scotland: an Archaeological Survey”, University of Glasgow , 1992
Horne, T. et al (eds) “The Viking Age in Scotland”, Edinburgh University Press , 2023
Morris, C. D. & Rackham, D. J. “Norse and Later Settlement and Subsistance in the North Atlantic”, Edinburgh University Press, 1998
Sverrisdóttir, B., (ed) “Reykjavík 871±²: Landnámssyningin The Settlement Exhibition”, Reykjavík City Museum, nd.

Trade routes to the east and south

Blöndal, S. “The Varangians in Byzantium”, Cambridge University Press, 2007
Griffiths, D. “Vikings of the Irish Sea”, The History Press, 2010
Jarman, C. “River Kings: A New History of the Vikings from Scandanavia to the Silk Road”, William Collins, 2021
Lund, P. and Stone, C. “Ibn Fadlan and the Land of Darkness”, Penguin Books, 2012
Mägi, M. “The Viking Eastern Baltic”, Amsterdam University Press, 2019
Vedeler, M. “Silk for the Vikings”, Oxbow Books, Ancient Textiles Series vol 15, 2014

Greenland and Vinland – the Viking expansion westwards

Fitzhugh, W. W. & Ward, E. I. “Vikings: the North Atlantic Saga”, Smithsonian Books, 2000
Wahlgren, E. “The Vikings and America”, Thames and Hudson, 1986

Pagan religions and the change to Christianity

Gardela, L., “Women and Weapons in the Viking World”, Oxbow Books, 2021
Gardela, L., et al “The Norse Sorceress: Mind and Materiality in the Viking World”, Oxbow Books, 2023
Hallgrísdóttir. M, et al “Bláædda Konan – Ný Rannsokn á Fornu Komli – Bundled-up in Blue – the Re-investigation of a Viking Grave” (text in Icelandic and English), Rit Þjóðminjasfns ïslands 38, 2015
Holst, S., Jørgensen & Wamers, E. (eds) “Odin, Thor und Freyja: Skandinavische Kultplätze des 1. Jahrtausends n. Chr. und das Frenkenreich / Scandinavian Cult Sites of the 1st Millenium AD and the Frankish Realm” (text in German and English), Schnell Steiner, 20127
Lindow, J. “Old Norse Mythology”, Oxford University Press, 2021
Page, R. I. “Chronicles of the Vikings: Records, Memorials and Myths”, British Museum Press, 2002
Page, R. I. “Norse Myths”, British Museum Press, 1992
Pedersen, A. “Dead Warriors in Living Memory: aA Study of Weapon and Equestrian Burials in Viking-Age Denmark, AD 800 – 1000”, Publications from the National Museum Studies in Archaeology and History Vol. 20: 1 & 2, Copenhagen 2014
Price, N. “The Viking Way: Magic and Mind in Late Iron Age Scandinavia”, Oxbow Books, 2019
Rohan, M. S. & Scott, A. J. “Hammer and the Cross (The Conversion of the Vikings)”, Alder Publishing, 1980
Winroth, A. “The Conversion of Scandinavia: Vikings, Merchants and Missionaries in the Remaking of Northern Europe”, Yale University Press, 2015

Art and literature

Bailey, R. N. “Viking Age Sculpture”, Collins Archaeology, 1980
Byock, J. “Viking Language 1”, Jules William Press, 2013
Byock, J, & Gordon, R. “Old Norse – Old Icelandic: Concise Introduction to the Language of the Sagas”, Jules William Press, 2021
Egeler, M. “A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland”, (Facsimile of the original 1899 edition by Collingwood, W.G. & Stefán, J.), Viking Society for Northern Research, 2015
Graham-Campbell, J. “Viking Art”, Thames and Hudson World of Art, 2013
Kermode, P. M. CX., & Wilson, D. M. “Manx Crosses”, The Pinkfoot Press, 1994

The end of the Viking era

Bartlett, W. B. “King Cnut and the Viking Conquest of England 1016”, Amberley, 2016
Davies, W. From the Vikings to the Normans, OUP, 2003
Marsden, J. “Harald Hardrada: The Warrior’s Way”, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2007