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Excavations at Belmont
(click on the image to enlarge)

A Viking House 74ft by 22ft, with walls 3ft thick reduced to lower course. On the N side is an outhouse or enclosure, 38ft by 24ft, with rounded corners. At the W end is a plantie-crub.

This is a typical example of a Norse type farmsteading which may be of any date between the Viking period and 150-200 years ago. It is constructed down a slight slope measuring 20.0m by 4.5m internally with walls 0.8m to 1.5m thick. Several large slabs define parts of the inner wall face, and the SE end has rounded corners. It is overlaid in part by a ruined plantie-crub, and the footings of a small modern enclosure lie to the N.

HP 5683 0070 During July and August investigations on a Norse farmstead were initiated on a slope near Belmont (Wadbister) at the S tip of Unst. A Norse longhouse c 22 x 5m (internally) was uncovered. The house, which is suspected to be of 9 to 10th-century date, had curved walls of c 1m in thickness and was aligned downslope. A smaller Late Norse house with a length of c 12m was later built on top of the Viking structure. There are traces of other buildings in the vicinity and a stone dyke surrounding the farmyard is still preserved. Approximately 100m S another house structure of presumed pre-Norse date was discovered. A number of cup marks assumed to be Bronze Age were recognised in the surface of a rocky outcrop near the Norse site.

Most finds are of stone, especially steatite and schist. They include a number of sherds of steatite vessels, sinkers, spindle whorls, a hanging lamp and a miniature millstone.

(Text from Canmore)